Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa
Kuala Lumpur
吉隆坡国际机场
கோலாலம்பூர் பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம்
The KLIA control tower and part of the airport
ICAO: WMKK
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Malaysia
Operator Malaysia Airports (Sepang) Sdn Bhd
Serves Kuala Lumpur, 22px Flag of Malaysia.svg Kuala Lumpur Airport Malaysia
Location Sepang, Selangor, 22px Flag of Malaysia.svg Kuala Lumpur Airport Malaysia
Hub for
Built (1998-06-27)27 June 1998
Elevation AMSL 71 ft / 21 m
Coordinates 02°44′44″N 101°42′35″E / 2.74556°N 101.70972°E / 2.74556; 101.70972Coordinates: 02°44′44″N 101°42′35″E / 2.74556°N 101.70972°E / 2.74556; 101.70972
Website www.klia.com.my

flight.klia.com.my

Map

10px Airplane silhouette.svg Kuala Lumpur Airport
KUL

Location in West Malaysia

Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14L/32R 13,530 4,124 Concrete
14R/32L 13,288 4,056 Concrete
Statistics (2011)
Passenger movements 37,704,510
Airfreight movements in tonnes 669,849
Aircraft movements 269,509

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) ([1]

The airport can currently handle 35 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo a year. In 2010, it handled 34,087,636 passengers; in 2011 it handled 669,849 metric tonnes of cargo. It was ranked the 14th busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic, and is the 5th busiest international airport in Asia. It was ranked the 29th busiest airport by cargo traffic in 2010.[2] The Bernama News Agency reported a modest growth in traffic in the first six months of 2011, with an almost 13% increase from 16.2 million to 18.3 million passengers.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia, AirAsia X and Department of Civil Aviation (DCA)

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Background

The Main Terminal Building of KLIA from side

KLIA Main terminal architecture

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993 when the government decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur International Airport, officially then known as Multimedia Super Corridor a grand development plan for the nation.

Upon KLIA’s completion, Subang International Airport‘s Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create Subang International Airport a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park.

The Subang International Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subsequently, Subang International Airport’s IATA code was changed to SZB.

[edit] Current Site

The airport’s site spans 100 km2,[3]

[edit] Grand Opening

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong‘s Duli Yang Maha Mulia Almarhum Tuanku Ja’afar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST as moment of reckoning as the new airport it sparkling like a fairyland and visible from as far as 15-kilometre away of beckoned the 1500-spectators who came to witness in 25,000-workers a 24-hours in daily built the airport within 7-years at opening a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport it was officially closing ceremonies by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong‘s Duli Yang Maha Mulia Almarhum Tuanku Ja’afar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman based in Subang 3-days later on 30 June 1998 in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé International Airport at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 09:00 MST.[4]

[edit] Inauguration

Check-in counters

The Jungle boardwalk fountain

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues built up throughout the airport and baggage handling broke down. Bags were lost and there were waits of over five hours.[5] Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the East Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the global financial crisis and the swine flu pandemic. 1998 saw a reduction of passenger numbers some airlines, including All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Lufthansa (later reinstated) and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss making services to KLIA. KLIA’s first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.[6] Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 23.2 million in 2005

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